Health Care and Education Fight Exploitation
The Republic of Ghana, West Africa, is bordered by the Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, Togo east and the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean in the south. Ghana’s 26 million people live in 238,535 square kilometres of land featuring savannas, woodlands, forests, a coastal line, springs, cave systems, mountains, estuaries, wildlife parks, and nature reserves.
In 1957, Ghana became the first African nation to become independent from British colonization, inspiring many others to follow. This made Ghana, home to the pre-colonially powerful Akan Kindom of Ashanti, a symbol of black achievement and a catalyst for the Pan-Africanism and Black Pride movements in the United States of America.
Ghana is a major producer of petroleum and natural gas, one of the world's largest gold and diamond producers, and is poised to become the largest producer of cocoa in the world. The official language of Ghana is English, spoken by 67.1% of the population. About 70 per cent of the population is Christian and 18 per cent Muslim.
Despite key accomplishments--regarded as the seventh best governed country in Africa and one of only five on the continent to have a free press—Ghana faces many significant social and economic challenges, particularly in rural areas. Lack of clean drinking water is a major challenge particularly in the upper regions. Boreholes and piped water help to eradicate guinea worms and a variety of waterborne diseases. In addition to this, lack of electricity is a problem in many small villages. Youth education—sex education and promoting schooling for girls-- is helping to control the spread of HIV/AIDS. However, child labour and sexual exploitation of children are major obstacles that require significant interventions.